History of Bower Ashton, Bristol

Bower Ashton   Community   Events   History   Places   Residents   News  

Iron Age   Roman   St. Johns Chapel   Smyth Arms   The 'Drum'   Strawberry Growers   Wellington Cottage   Ashton Meadows   White City   Christy Brothers WW2

the above sections on this page are more or less in date order.

 

Rownham Ferry

An ancient crossing of the River Avon from Rownham Hill to Hotwells & post 1877 from Ashton Meadows to Cumberland Basin.

Rownham Ferry  

Other pages online

Burgh Walls or Bower Walls Iron Age Temple?

Burwalls Wood lies between the Police Station on Clanage Road and Leigh Woods, with Burwalls House (below left) very close to the Clifton Suspension Bridge.

Burgh Walls (which may also have been known as Bower Walls) was a 3 hectare (4-5 acre) iron age set of earthworks, not lived in, it may have been used as a temple. Dated about 150 BC on the hilltop built by the iron age tribe who lived in this area the Dobunni.

Its one of two on the gorges west side the second just a little further down the gorge is Stoke Leigh. The name Burgh Walls (I assume) has come down to us as Burwalls.

 View from Burwalls Wood The orchard mentioned in the first link above, is still there. With a public footpath running through it. Its the quickest way (by foot) to get to Leigh Woods, it also avoids crossing the A369 (twice) on Rownham Hill.

Walk along Clanage Road, go right after passing the Police Station. then immediately left into the woodland, this quickly takes you through the wild orchard.

If you continue upwards you reach Leigh Woods through the National Trust's Rownham and Burwalls Woods. Its a reasonable if steep woodland path with steps and the odd view.

Roman Pottery in Smyth Field

The new building at Ashton Park School, had a Archaeology Watching Brief Report, reported in Feb 2011 by AOC Archaeology Group - AOC Project No: 30338.

The study included 4 trenches within the Ashton Park School area only natural or recent building debris was found.

The study did however note that within Bower Ashton's boundaries, the field immediately below the Ashton Court Mansion, Roman Pottery finds were noted during early 20th Century pipe laying.

St. Johns Chapel or the Chapel of St. James

The Victorian map shows the site of St. Johns Chapel in the pasture opposite the Smthye Arms (now the Dovecote). On more recent maps it shown as St. James Chapel as it does in a recent archaeological report made during a partial rebuild of Ashton Park School ending in February 2011.

A Wessex Archaeology report in 1996 estimated that the chapel and the likely village of Bower Ashton it supported was deserted at sometime in the 13th or 14th Century.

My added assumption is that this was caused by the Black Death that reached England in the Mid 13th Century.

The Smyth Arms Public House

The nearest pub and restaurant is just outside of the Bower Ashton boundary, its one of our areas oldest buildings, in parts dating back to the 1650's.

When a national chain bought the Smyth Arms and renamed it 'The Dovecote'. I thought it was a shame to lose the local connection with the Smyth's of Ashton Court. It is after all very hard to miss the south face of the Smyth family's mansion house on the hillside above the building.

Its worth noting though that pubs have always changed names to take advantage of what's popular at the time. A 1840 map I came across gave the pub the name of the Coach and Horses.

The Dovecote was seriously damaged by fire in 2014 and re-launched as The Ashton.

'The Drum' footpath

The Drum footpath runs from The Dovecote/Smyth Arms to the end of Parklands Road.

The Drum footpath has a good view of nearby Ashton Court Mansion and a very attractive line of mature trees running beside the path, despite the rather ugly Ashton Park School security fence.

Bower Ashton Strawberry Growers

The link below is about an an fraudster claiming Ashton Court's inheritance when there was no direct male line to inherit. Bower Ashton's strawberry growers get a brief mention.

Wellington Cottage.

Wellington Cottage was a small cottage immediately opposite the Bristol Docks entrance and demolished on the 24th November 1954.

Ashton Meadow & Ashton Meadow Sidings - 1913

  Ashton Meadow Sidings from Ashton Meadow in 1913. The footbridge over the railway line is still there, with the Police Station (mounted police and dog section buildings) now immediately behind the foot bridge from this viewpoint.

Note the rowing boat on the right hand side on Colliter's Brook. Colliter's Brooks is now culverted in this area and tidally controlled. You can also just about see the path leading down to the riverside and Rownham Ferry, near the centre of the photo.

The White City - Bristol International Exhibition - 1914

  There is no real physical reminder of the 1914 Bristol International Exhibition remaining. The 'White City' was a local name for the event, which at least retains one local link with the White City Allotments, accessed from the Stone Yard roadway off of Clanage Road.

The exhibition consisted of English buildings through the ages (above), plus the large white pavilion shown in the Flickr photo link below. It was held in Ashton Meadows now the riverside land beneath and around Brunel Way next the River Avon.

Reece Winston's Bristol as it was books have quite a few photos on this. They note the new use of early flood lighting, very likely supplied by Christy Brothers electric generators at Kennel Farm.

The Flickr link below gives more details on the Bristol's Own regiment and a photo of 'the white city'. The last Flickr link (1915), is a rather poignant photo of the Bristol's Own regiment marching to war after being billeted in the exhibition buildings. It shows officers and troops marching over the then double decker road and rail Ashton Avenue Bridge.

Christy Brothers

Hi tech Bower Ashton? Not now but before WW2 Bower Ashton was the head office of the North Somerset Electric Supply Company. With a 33kV generator (the largest in the area) at Kennel Farm - see the 19th C Map top right or the St. Johns Chapel close up above.

Kennel Farm is long gone now, beneath the A370, the Park and Ride and other developments.

WW2: American Bases, POW Camps and Ashton Court

There were two American bases in the area, one between Ashton Vale and Bower Ashton, near Colliters Brook. The second was in Ashton Court with Nissen Huts in Summerhouse Plantation. Ashton Court was also used to hide various military vehicles prior to the D-Day (6th June 1944) invasion.

The Flickr photo and article shows the 'Bower Ashton' camp in what I guess were its American camp days. After D-Day it was used as a italian prisoner of war camp.

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